- Integrated Watershed Development (IWD)
- Family based Livelihoods Development (FLD)
- Strengthening Forest and Forest based Livelihoods (SFFL)
- Strengthening Small Holder Agriculture (SSHA)
Integrated Watershed program is the ST & SC Development Program of Government of Odisha focuses on empowering the tribals and enabling them to enhance their food security round the year. By implementing this program we increase the income of the families and help them to lead a stress free life and reduce migration. The program focuses on restoring the ecological balance by harnessing; conserving and developing degraded natural resources. Conservation of water and checking soil erosion is central in this program and our effort remains in the attainment of economic as well as financial sustainability of dry land and agriculture. The key objectives of the program are :
- Promote appropriate technologies for efficient and sustainable use of rainwater.
- Conserve soil and improve the land productivity
- Regenerate the vegetation cover on denuded wastelands, promote tree based farming systems and sustainable agriculture.
- Improve Livestock Productivity
- Bring the underprivileged sections of society in to the mainstream
- Equip rural communities for sustainable management of the natural resources.
- Create year round self-employment opportunities within the village.
A strong emphasis is placed on promoting participatory processes, building community institutions, fostering self-reliance, and respecting the indigenous knowledge and values of tribal. The village organizations are capacitated to take up responsibilities for implementing the programme. We target the households which are traditionally left outs, including landless, destitute, disables and those who are unable to be part of the Self Help Groups or other income generating activities.
This development model is replicable to improve the quality of life with sustainable management of natural resources and to reduce the poverty of the rural people.
In Odisha, 22.13% of the population belongs to “Scheduled Tribe” (ST) community whose livelihood mostly depends on forest, agriculture and animal husbandry. However, practice of traditional implementation strategies, absence of sustainable local institutions, infrastructure linkages and end-toned solution in the value chain make their livelihoods vulnerable to various risks.
In this context, the Family based livelihoods development programme (FLD) aims to (1) Enhance the socio-economic status of targeted tribal families 2. Build the capacities of tribal youth and develop enterprises at the village level 3. Empower the ST families for availing benefits under various programmes. 4. Adopt best practices for sustainable livelihoods development.
Strengthening forest and Forest based Livelihoods program strives to improve the quality of forest and enhance the income of the forest dependent communities by (1) Building strong producer collectives around NTFPs and product development through adding value in the supply chain (2) Promoting alternative livelihoods options to increase the income of forest dependent communities while reducing the harvest of forest products and (3) Leveraging resources and building strategic linkages with mainstream development programmes for sustaining the program even beyond the project period.
Strengthening Small Holder Agriculture program aims to enhance livelihood capabilities and functioning of the vulnerable communities, particularly the small, marginal and women farmers through participatory action; training & capacity building and evidence based research & advocacy initiatives. Building climate resilient models, enhancing the productivity of small holders for adequate and nutritious access to food through adoption of sustainable agricultural practices are the focus areas. A number of models have been introduced like Community farming, kitchen garden, and farm pond, land development, horticulture.
The program also focuses on (1) Increased access of small holders especially women farmers to mainstream development programmes. (2) increased resilience and improved incomes of small holders through viable and sustainable production systems and (3) enhanced access to public investment by small holders especially among the women farmers. Ensuring decentralized planning process and raising awareness of the community regarding the various mainstream development programmes and also the step by step process to access the same is an important agenda of the programme.
Efforts are made for propagating organic and traditional farm practices for making agriculture sustainable. It also builds the capacities of the community members to enhance their participation in the preparation of village agriculture plan and also make the governance system more accountable in the implementation of the same. Emphasis is laid on enhancing the access and control of women farmers over productive assets, particularly land under various schemes. At the policy level, effort is made for increased targeting of the smallholders and women farmers under various schemes.