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There is a growing consciousness in the area of CSR among the Indian Companies, and there is a need to bring all the actors governments, corporate sector, civil society and other stakeholders together so that they can collaborate to make a significant impact towards the national goal of inclusive growth and development.
With this purpose ICP in CSR envisaged to create a skilled and capable workforce who can take the mission of CSR ahead.
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In recent past, one afternoon, on her back from School, Sajani was told by her parents that she would be no more going to school because they were making plan for her marriage. Sajani, daughter of Harihar Mahakud of Bagdafa village in Bhaliadal GP Thakurmunda block was just 13 years in 2018. As an ambitious girl, Sajani wished to continue her education like other girls. She tried to persuade her parents to postpone her marriage but failed.
Gloomy girl, Sajani sought the help of Ms. Arati Mohanta, a community teacher of Combating Child Domestic Labour Project of CYSD in Thakurmunda.
Together they embarked on a journey to fight against this child marriage. They put the case before the members of Birsa Munda Child Club, who in turn informed the village level Child Protection Committee. Some CPC members visited Sajani’s home, apprised Sajani’s family regarding the implications of early marriage and the importance of her education. But her parents were not convinced to postpone her marriage. But they were persuaded to attend the next CPC meeting scheduled on 6th February 2018. At this meeting, the parents were informed of the law relating to child marriage and stringent punishment for violating it. Then Sajani’s father agreed and made a written commitment to abide by the law and not to give his daughter in marriage before she attains the age of18, even without her consent. The villagers along with CYSD Project staff informed the Sarpanch, Child-Line activists about this renewed effort towards combating early child marriage.
“Together we managed to convince the parents of Sajani that giving marriage to a 13 years girl would be illegal and even a curse to them. They somehow agreed to postpone the marriage till their daughter becomes18 years,” proudly shared Arati, the community teacher.
Sajani delightfully says, “During this process of fighting against child marriage, I have become an active member of Birsa Munda Child Club and gained ample awareness on the implications of early marriage. The knowledge I gained on Prevention of Child Marriage Act (PCMA) provided me enough courage to stand up against child marriage”.
Jamuna Mohanta, an illiterate tribal woman of 47, lives with her five member family comprising husband, son, daughter-in-law and a granddaughter of 3 years in Sialijodi village of Saharapada Block of Kendujhar district.
Jamuna happens to be a member of Om Shanti SHG promoted by CYSD-Plan project. Due to illiteracy, she often depends on her husband and son for taking important decisions. Few years back, the family was solely depending upon agriculture for their subsistence. Because of erratic monsoon and other factors they were not getting adequate yield from their 2 acres of land. The family was hardly earning an income of Rs.12000 to 15000/- per year. Income out of the agriculture was insufficient for managing their year the round food grains and other expenses. Alternatively, to add to the family income, Jamuna was rearing some chicken and ducks. But the survival of chicken and ducks was uncertain every year due to bird’s epidemic.
Jamuna had been a regular attendee in the monthly meetings of SHG and was keeping her attention on the discussion of business promotion. Initially, due to fear of morbidity of birds, Jamuna had little confidence to initiate a medium venture. Still, in a small way, she was rearing some ducks and chicken, besides managing her household chores.
Incidentally, one fine day CYSD’s Facilitator was discussing with the SHG group about the potential of duckery and poultry farming, as an alternative source of income enhancement. While discussing, she explained the preventive steps required for the protection of birds from diseases. The facilitator also talked about the availability of space for duck house, water points, and other essentials. Enthusiastic Jamuna was motivated with the discussion on enterprise promotion. She decided to get more number of ducklings and develop a farm house for birds. With this intention she took Rs.10000 as loan from her SHG and bought 200 ducklings. With proper care and protection, the ducklings grew up rapidly and after 4 months time she started selling the ducks. In total, she got Rs.18000 as profit out of the investment of Rs.10000. With this profit she made up her mind to continue the duck rearing. She had to procure husk for ducks regularly, hence, subsequently she opted to set up a rice processing unit to collect the husk. For this purpose she applied for bank loan and ultimately got the machine installed. Out of the rice processing unit and duck rearing she could be able to repay the entire loan. While her husband looked after the rice processing unit, she herself concentrated on the duck raring.
Gaining confidence with duck rearing consecutively for five years, she has started a broiler farm this year and engaged her son along with daughter-in-law to manage the farm.
Jamuna has been a role model in her community and other SHG members also consulting her before initiating any new business endeavor.
“I am really grateful to CYSD-Plan project for promoting SHGs in our community and building the confidence of its members to be successful entrepreneurs like me”, proudly says Jamuna.
A life of dignity is the right of every citizen. Self-employment is a significant step to have sustained incomes and to get out of the shackles of poverty. Jamuna’s life has been changing through a gradual empowerment process. The Manager of Bank of India says, “As long as Jamuna will continue the same spirit of entrepreneurship, our bank will keep her supporting with financial assistance in future”.
With much hardship Laxmi Talia, 19 years, could manage to complete her secondary level education in nearby college with the support of CYSD’s Child Development Project. Laxmi belongs to Maheswarpur village from Korukonda Block of Malkangiri District. To become a good student was not her prime intention; she rather wanted to “live and let others live”.
Getting involved in CYSD’s activities, she realized the importance of adopting a healthy and productive adolescent life style which provides a solid base to become a healthy mother. With this motivation she started working with adolescent girls likely to be most neglected in tribal areas. She took an oath to fight against all kinds of ill mindsets in society and began forming adolescent girl groups focusing on girls’ right to Adolescent Reproductive and Sexual Health (ARSH). Gradually, she was accepted by the girls’ groups and could win the confidence of community people.
Next, she took it upon herself to combat ‘child marriage’ in her community. She demonstrated her protest in the form of silent rallies and pada yatras with the support of all adolescent group members. As of now, she has stopped 2 child marriage cases in her locality. This apart, she has contributed immensely to regularizing the support services of her Gaon Kalyan Samiti (GKS). With her active role, the Village Health and Nutritional Days (VHNDs) have become more regular and vibrant. Almost all adolescent girls taking part in the VHNDs and exercising their ARSH rights.
“I want to create many more Laxmis who can bring changes in the adolescent life style in the tribal communities”, says Laxmi confidently.
Padiabeda Upper Primary School of Thakurmunda block, the operational area of CYSD, sets an example in terms of cent percent students’ enrolment; their retention till completion of elementary education; monitoring of school activities; and preparation and implementation of school development plan. This is possible only due to the active functioning of its School Management Committee (SMC) and adherence to the RTE (Right To Education) norms. The school experiences changes in education standards through genuine community participation, especially the parents.
Drawing an ambitious School Development Plan, the SMC perfectly achieved targets and a bit more. This includes school beautification, renovation of school building, regular water supply to toilets, provision of safe drinking water, roof repair, temporary fencing of school boundary, creation of kitchen garden, and improvement in school attendance.
To achieve the last, it came up with an ‘out of the box’ idea. The SMC created Child Clubs with a boy and girl, from each hamlet, in each class, as child leaders. Their task is to ensure highest attendance from their hamlets, with those achieving perfect record are awarded with a small national flag every evening in front of other child leaders. That spurred such peer competition that school attendance never drops below 90%.
This SMC’s dynamism is due to active synergy between PRI representatives and their constituent parents. The former helped tap into hitherto unknown resources. Consequently, SMC members mobilized funds for regular water supply in toilets from CYSD-Plan Project while obtaining funds for repair of roof from Gram Panchayat.
The SMC has focused its attention on keeping school environment clean and attractive. For this, members collected flower saplings locally in monsoon, and built a garden at low cost in school. They mobilized free community labour to beautify the campus. They even created a kitchen garden using similar model while recycling waste water. The parents’ sense of ownership and pride in the institution is clearly evident, with female SMC members using cow dung to disinfect and level school campus every weekend, gratis.
Koraput / Rayagada: CYSD has added new feathers to its two project locations. With the intention of “Inspiring and Activating Young Minds to be the Change Agents for social inclusion and realization of SDGs, CYSD, in collaboration with Voluntary Service Overseas (VSO) India, has launched an innovative project ‘YUVODAYA’ in Boipariguda and Kolnara blocks of Koraput and Rayagada respectively.
Young minds play a very crucial role in visualizing as well as achieving the SDGs of 2030. Over one third of the 169 SDGs targets highlight the role of young people and the importance of their empowerment, participation, and well-being in materializing SDGs in true sense (UNDP, 2017). Most young people are optimistic about the future. A Youth Speak global survey states that 68% of the young people believe the world will be a better place by 2030. This marks the evidence to realize the importance of Youth participation in realizing SDG by 2030. In this context, CYSD is motivated to engage young minds across the globe in conceptualizing the context of SDGs from local levels and at the same time orient them to become the future change agents of the society and advocate for social inclusion in the community and local governance.
At the impact level, CYSD seeks to promote inclusive development in Odisha through strong community based development interventions, to complement already existing governance efforts, through capacity building, research, creating information based reflection platforms, advocacy, and creating of a vibrant youth base.
Objectives of the programme:
- Creating Youth leaders to be the Change agents in sensitizing the local youth & community on Sustainable Development Goals. These youth leaders shall act as the face of all other youth as well as the community (including men, women, other socially excluded groups and differently able persons) who can understand, identify, raise the issues of the community and include them at local planning level.
- Creating a Youth Platforms to build their capacity and basic understanding on the entitlements of the people with disabilities, women, and other socially excluded groups in the communities. Also to strengthen their leadership qualities and Communication skills to evolve as more Informed citizens of the state as well as be the Face (representatives) of the Community before Government (at panchayat, block and district) level.
- Sensitising and Mobilising PRI members to increase their knowledge on disability and other issues related to social exclusion. Also to train them on necessary skill, knowledge and framework required for planning by focusing on SDG 2030 agenda with the help of Youth leaders and Volunteers.
- Developing a common Consensus on Sustainable Development Goals by Federating the Youth Groups of Panchayat Level, with the Block and District level.
YUVODAYA, an eight months project commenced in August 2018 will continue till March, 2019.
Thakurmunda & Saharapada: CYSD envisages that its engagements in community development process will be strengthened more by video documentation and dissemination processes.
Keeping in view the above, CYSD has recently launched, an innovative Project ‘Samvad’ – Digital Community Engagement Platform for Improving Maternal Child Health and Nutrition Outcomes supported by Digital Green. The project is being implemented in 150 villages covering 23000 women in Jashipur, Thakurmunda and Saharapada blocks under Mayurbhanja and Keonjhar district respectively. The aims of the Project “Samvad”- is to create demand and enabling environments for adoption of practices that are critical for improvements in planned family and nutrition outcomes by integrating behavior change communication regarding nutrition-specific interventions with nutrition-sensitive approaches (including use of health and other safety net services and hygiene practices).
Project Samvad’’s core intervention is centered around, a) scaling-up its participatory video-based approach targeted to women’s groups; b) leveraging the use of other ICT-platforms including community radio and mobile platforms and c) partnering with state government programmes to deliver locally feasible solutions at scale. Further, the activities shall be replicated in other operational areas of CYSD as well.
This new initiative will certainly strengthen our engagements in community development processes; through video documentation and dissemination processes which is intensively monitored at the grassroots level for adoption and impact assessment processes.
Bhubaneswar: Under the aegis of Odisha Development Initiative, more than 2600 delegates drawing representation from Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), government, academia, intelligentsia, PRI, and the media congregated at Bhubaneswar on 24th August, in a carnival like atmosphere, for a three-day Odisha Vikash (Development) Conclave-2018 (OVC) that which concluded on 26th of August 2018. Following intense deliberations, the participants delineated clear action agendas on 19 critical development issues and challenges of the state like tribal empowerment and development; women and violence; community rights over forest and community governance of commons; food and nutrition security; rain-fed agriculture; rural employment and migration; green skill and entrepreneurship development; school education and quality learning; health and wellness; drinking water, sanitation and hygiene; river ecology; inclusive governance, fiscal management and social accountability; democratizing urban governance; panchayati raj (local self-governance); towards resilient Odisha : disaster and climate change action; corporate sector in localizing SDGs; university community linkage; social exclusion and inequality; and child rights.
KEY RECOMMENDATIONS FROM THE CONCLAVE
- Enhance transparency and accountability in the local self-governance system through proper bottoms-up participatory planning, monitoring and implementation of welfare schemes and programs;
- Double the budget of MGNREGA and reach out at least 50% job card holders and ensure 100 days employment to 25% job card holders;
- Increase public spending on health to 2% of GSDP by next 3 years and regulate price, quality and access to health care in private sector; closely monitor the implementation of health insurance schemes;
- Invest on building human capital, through higher levels of resource commitment for social sectors, especially education;
- Promote rainfed farming systems including livestock and fishery in aspirational districts and develop Farmers Resource Centres that can act as convergence points for rainfed areas in all the districts;
- Enforce regulation on conservation of water and promote decentralized water supply systems rather than mega piped water supply systems;
- Formulate Odisha Migrant Workers Welfare board (OMWWB) and corpus fund for the welfare of vulnerable migrant workers in the state; strengthen interstate coordination and facilitation centres at both source and destination locations;
- While dealing with nutrition, follow a life cycle approach with a focus on
- first 1000 days, promote lactational management units, creche services for pre-school children and home visits at critical life stages;
- Activate Area Sabhas and Slum Improvement/Welfare Boards in urban areas;
- Ensure 100% RtE compliance in schools by next Academic Year;
- Ask for adequate budgetary allocations for proper curricular and co-curricular activities through well-defined School Development Plans (SDPs);
- Re-activate the regional imbalance commission to address inequality; take block as the lowest possible unit; bring the State Finance Commission around to prioritising the backward rural and urban local bodies that are plagued with gross inequality;
- Universalize social security pension and fix it at a minimum of the half of minimum wages per month; go for 5% reservation of PwDs in the local self-governance system;
- Include the third gender in all facilities, rights and entitlements;
- Prepare and empower communities to undertake local Hazard-Risk-Vulnerability (HRV) analysis; factor the risks and remedial measures in GP plans and allocate resources accordingly;
- Restrict the transfer of patta land of tribals to non-tribals;
- Formulate and implement an Inclusive River Policy and set-up a River Science Institute to promote research, advocacy and model for effective management of river basins;
The proposals of all the 19 thematic tracks shall be complied and submitted to the State and Central Governments, for necessary and timely action, said Jagadananda, Convener of the Odisha Development Initiative.
Dr. Rajiv Kumar, Vice-Chairperson, Niti Ayog; and Shri Dharmendra Pradhan, Union Cabinet Minister (Petroleum and Natural Gas and Skill Development and Entrepreneurship) Government of India, who both graced the inaugural ceremony as guests of honor promised that the proposals emerging from the Conclave would be seriously considered by the Union Government through a process of inter-ministerial consultation at the national level.
Gracing the valedictory session, the State Food Supplies and Consumer Welfare and Cooperation Minister Shri Surya Narayan Patro affirmed his commitment to convey the various proposals emerging from the Conclave to his State government and initiate swift action on the same. He also promised to ensure that the conclave’s recommendations got included in the election manifesto of their party.
Dr. Subrato Bagchi, Chairman, Odisha Skill Development Authority (OSDA) emphasized the need for improved governance and accountability at the grassroots level. While Prof. H.K Senapati, Dircetor, NCERT laid emphasis on intensification of training of teachers for quality school education, Prof Srikant Mohapatra, Vice Chancellor, Odisha Open University concluded that the conclave has created a wonderful opportunity for linking the academic bodies of higher learning with the aspirations of the community.
The event was organized collectively by more than 65 organizations known for their work at the local, national and global levels. Presence of key international development agencies and corporate bodies enriched the profile and dialogues of the Conclave. Many leading donors like UNICEF, WFP, PCI, Ajim Premji Philanthropic Initiative (APPI) and key development leaders from India and abroad deliberated upon and chalked out strategies as to how to localize the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the specific context of Odisha. Among others dignitaries who addressed the gatherings were Parliamentarians Soumya Ranjan Pattnaik and Pinaki Mishra; the Chairperson of the State Food Commission, the Development Commissioner of Odisha; the Mission Director, National Nutrition Mission; and Officials from University Grants Commission, Government of India.
- 2670 representatives and 65 organizations participated and shared development plans on 19 thematic areas;
- NITI Aayog assured to consider the proposals from the Conclave through a process of inter-ministerial consultation.
- Odisha’s Development Commissioner promised to hold periodic dialogues on the Conclave recommendations;
- State Minister promised inclusion of OVC recommendations in election manifesto of their political party.